Te Ara has a story on Whakairo / Māori carving and its origins. This story states that by 1800 a ‘Serpentine’ (tuare) style developed in the northern regions of Aotearoa (associated with Hokianga, Hauraki, East Cape and Taranaki, and exemplified by Ngāti Whātua carvings).
“The tubular bodies are usually uncarved, but if surface decoration is applied the unaunahi (fish-scales) pattern is the most common, especially in the north... Unaunahi is most prevalent in Te Tai Tokerau (Northland)…”
Ref: Auckland Weekly News, A trough shaped curio..., 11 September 1902, Sir George Grey Special Collections, Auckland Libraries, AWNS-19020911-12-3.
Life was particularly hard for men and women in rural areas in the mid-to-late 19th century. For many people, the main break from work on the land and in their homes was at church on Sundays. In the latter part of the 19th century there was increasing separation of leisure activities from work time.
British settlers recreated many cultural practices from their home countries.
Ref: OCM Ephemera - 'Masonic Ball, Warkworth'. Master of Ceremonies: F.H. Ohlson, 17 January 1889, Sir George Grey Special Collections, Auckland Libraries.
Ref: Carolyn Skelton, February 2015, North Auckland Research Centre, Rodney Image Collections, Auckland Libraries.
An older photograph of the hall can be seen on Auckland Libraries’ Heritage Images database.
Ref: OCM Ephemera - 'Warkworth Cricketers' Plain and Fancy Dress Ball', 8 October 1891, Sir George Grey Special Collections, Auckland Libraries.
There is also a good selection of digitised 19th century Ball Programmes from Warkworth in the Old Colonists' Museum ephemera collection. To browse them just perform a keyword search for 'Warkworth' on our Ephemera Index database.
As well as in halls, dances were also held in private homes. The Dennis family hosted dances at their Woodcocks Rd home, located near Warkworth. This is described in Making Melody: Puhoi, 1863-2001, compiled by Maureen Roase, (2001) p.17:
“A very large extension on the rear of the house served the purpose well with its wooden floors, kerosene lamps and fern decorated walls. Catherine recalls as children they went to the bush and brought punga ferns for decoration and next morning scrubbing the floor to perfection. On these occasions Jim with his push button accordion kept the dancers on their toes. In between times the wind up gramophone had to be kept wound up so as not to run down before a dance ended.”
A fancy dress ball was held in Wellsford on 8 October 1914, with prizes for the most popular costumes. Miss E Worker, dressed as “War” won the ladies’ prize, while Mr Jack Davis as “a Gordon highlander” won the gentlemen’s prize. Other costumes included “Sporting girl,” “Suffragette,” “Ancient Briton,” “Clown,” “Texan Scout,” and “Old English Knight.”
Ref: Excerpt from the Rodney and Otamatea Times, Waitemata and Kaipara Gazette, 21 October 1914, page 4.
Northern beaches and rivers have long been the location for camping and leisure activities.
Port Albert, 1906.
Ref: E. Bradbury for the Auckland Weekly News, A summer holiday camp on Shag Creek..., 15 February 1906, Sir George Grey Special Collections, Auckland Libraries, AWNS-19060215-14-3.
Ref: W.H. Marsh for the Auckland Weekly News, When the mists have rolled away, 5 June 1913, Sir George Grey Special Collections, Auckland Libraries, AWNS-19130605-7-3.
Mahurangi Heads, c1914.
Ref: Frederick George Radcliffe, Mahurangi Heads Auckland FGR 4202, c1914, Sir George Grey Special Collections, Auckland Libraries, 35-R257.
Kakanui, Rodney, 1922.
Ref: John Mason Barr, Neil Barr with schnapper, "Beresford", Kakanui, Rodney, 1922, North Auckland Research Centre, Auckland Libraries, JMB0105.
Author: Carolyn Skelton, North Auckland Research Centre